In recognition of his achievements, the Roman Senate had one of the most beautifully decorated triumphal arches erected on his return to Rome. Although Agrippa began the work, completion of the pantheon wasn’t achieved until 125 AD under the rule of the emperor Hadrian. Thank you for your blog. Origins. This was a major departure from contemporary practices which had always placed the focus on a structure’s exterior design and aesthetic appeal. The impressive facade is decorated with relief carvings and statuary while two levels of arches and columns seem to defy gravity, perched atop a 9-step high and 69-foot long podium. With 165 arches, all of which are over 30 feet (9 meters) in height, this architectural phenomenon has been a symbol of Segovia for centuries. They spread throughout the Empire, with 36 in Rome alone b… Early examples were being built by 196 BC when Lucius Steritinus put up two to celebrate Spanish victories. Revision on Roman Architecture. Despite the technical developments of the Romans, which took their buildings far away from the basic Greek conception where columns were needed to support heavy beams and roofs, they were very reluctant to abandon the classical orders in formal public buildings, even though these had become essentially decorative. Today it is a World Heritage Site and one of the country’s most visited monuments. This marvelous building was built by the famous Roman emperor Diocletian in preparation for his retirement. The architecture of the library is typically reminiscent of the building style that was popular during the rule of Emperor Hadrian. The Latin inscription atop the pantheon reads Marcus Agrippa, the son of Lucius, three times consul, built this, leaving little doubt as to who is responsible for this architectural marvel. Roman architecture differed fundamentally from this tradition because of the discovery, experimentation and exploitation of concrete, arches and vaulting (a good example of this is the Pantheon, c. 125 C.E. It is said that its opening ceremony – the grandest of all spectacles – lasted for about 100 days. 3. When this famous amphitheater was built in the city of Nimes, the city was known by the name of Nemausus. Early examples were built in 196 BCE by Sterinius to commemorate victory in Spain, but as the empire grew so did the number and complexity of arches until Augustus declared they were only for emperors. These elegant yet imposing structures ensured everyone travelling on Roman thoroughfares knew its greatness. Save my name and email in this browser for the next time I comment. Romans were able to create interior spaces that had previously been unheard of. The earliest in Rome was the Aqua Appia (312 BCE), but the most impressive example is undoubtedly the Pont du Gard near Nimes (c. 14 CE). Amphitheater, Nimes. It had a number of splendid buildings, a surrounding wall, more than 200 hectares of land, and a majestic theater at its heart. Roman architecture is the perfect example of innovation and experimentation in construction; it gave mankind buildings that had never been seen before, a network of connecting roads which was marvelously executed, and public structures that could be used by people from all strata of society just as equally, which added to their appeal. Originally, it had a bronze gilded inscription as homage to Septimius and his two sons Caracalla and Geta for having restored and expanded the Roman Republic. It was under Septimius Severus’ rule that Rome was able to successfully suppress a raging civil war among its neighboring states. The aqueduct at Pont du Gard carried 9 million gallons of water a day into the Roman city of Nemausus. It could accommodate such large numbers of spectators that as many 80 different entrances were installed. Unlike many other contemporary Roman temples that were almost always dedicated to particular Roman deities, the Pantheon was a temple for all the Roman gods. 1. With the imminent fall of the Roman Empire on the horizon, Maison Carrée was given a fresh lease of life when it was turned into a Christian church in the fourth century. These huge blocks of stone weighed up to six tonnes each, and the bridge itself measured up to 1180 feet (360 meters) at its highest point.
2020 roman architecture examples